What is the mitral valve?
The bicuspid valve or mitral valve lies between the left ventricle and the left atrium. It is one of the atrioventricular valves along with the tricuspid valve. It controls the blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. It has two leaflets and is surrounded by the annulus. It contributes to the S1 sound. If the mitral valve doesn’t pump blood properly, then the body is affected as it doesn’t get the desired and needed amount of blood that is filled with oxygen and this can lead to severe critical conditions. These disorders should be treated immediately because it can become fatal even if left untreated for a long period of time and at times surgery has to be done. Mitral valve replacement surgery in India can help in this situation to help the patient get well soon. Take a look at this article to learn more about the disease of the mitral valve.
Types of diseases
- Mitral valve stenosis: It happens when the mitral valve narrows down, and in this way, it blocks the blood flow. Some of the symptoms are: fatigue, shortness of breath, dizziness, swollen legs or feet, fainting problems, chest pain, chest discomfort while doing exercise or other heavy workouts, heart palpitations, headache, irregular heartbeats, fatigue and even stroke related symptoms can occur. The 30’s to 50’s are the most dangerous age when this deadly disease can strike, but nowadays it is seen among children as well.
Some of the causes of mitral stenosis are: rheumatic fever, congenital defect, a rare disease called lupus, radiation treatments can also develop this disorder and blood clots or tumours can also damage the mitral valves leading to the mitral stenosis. Mitral valve stenosis can be treated with anticoagulants, beta-blockers that slow down the heart rate, antiarrhythmic and diuretics. Apart from these medications doctorsmight also suggest surgical procedure or Valvuloplasty. After the operation, the patient will need to maintain a healthy lifestyle that includes healthy diet, exercise (recommended by doctorsonly) and cutting off caffeine, alcohol and tobacco from their life.
- Mitral valve prolapse: In this condition blood mightleakbackward and often people don’t get to know about this condition because in many cases the symptoms never appeared even. It happens due to a leaky valve. At times, it can be agenetical disorder as well as researchers have found.During MVP, the mitral valve prolapses into the left atrium. This occurs during the systole. Some kinds of MVP are dangerous whereasothers are not. This valvular disease has several symptoms like: chest pain, oedema, dizziness, fainting, panic, anxiety problems, numbness in hands, palpitations, etc. The main causes of this disorder are: Floppy valve syndrome, Barlow’s syndrome, scoliosis, muscular dystrophy, marfan syndrome, ebstein’s anomaly etc. the above-mentioned medicines can also help the repair of this condition and surgery might also be needed at times. Mitral valve repair cost India is not so much costlyand should never be delayed it if it is necessary for your body.
This is everything you need to know about the major mitral valve diseases. So, stay aware and make others aware as well.