Drugs are any substances that change the orientation of an organism’s physiology and psychology. They are of two types: pharmaceutical and psychoactive drugs. Pharmaceutical drugs are a chemical substance used to treat, cure, or prevent disease. On the other hand, Psychoactive drugs alter the moods and perceptions of a person, having a great impact on their central nervous system.
Psychoactive drugs are used for pleasure rather than medical purposes. Increased use of drugs can result in addiction causing the rise in drug de-addiction centers. Recreational drugs are of various groups like depressants, anxiolytics, antipsychotics, and many more. It is also important to know that there are various side effects that can lead to stimulant psychosis.
This article will give a brief idea of drugs, usage, and health risks, and potential treatments for the same.
Drug – A Religious Habit
An entheogen is the name of a psychoactive substance that is used for spiritual developments according to sacred texts. Entheogens consist of hallucinogens, deliriants, dissociatives, and psychedelics. This is popular amidst the shamans of various cultures like the Amazonians and Mazatecs. They use drugs from different plants like the Salvia Divinorum, Silene Undulata, and Psychedelic Mushrooms.
Designer and Smart Ones
Also known as Nootropics, smart drugs improve the cognitive abilities of a person. They help with the memory, concentration, moods, and learning skills of a person. They are also known as study drugs as it is commonly used among students. However, overuse of these drugs can lead to heart problems, anxiety issues, and psychosis.
Designer drugs are synthetically made drugs with the intention of giving the effect of real drugs. Their chemical structure is slightly different from the real drugs. This makes its effect stronger, makes it illegal in most places. Some designer drugs are methamphetamine and bath salts.
Uncontrollable use of drugs can lead to addiction, which can lead to changes in behavior and bodily issues. The behavior in a person changes and can even lead to abusive or dangerous levels. At first, a person chooses to use drugs out of curiosity or peer pressure. However, as time goes this becomes compulsive and a necessity.
Long term use of drugs can lead to problems in the functioning of the brain. A person’s ability to learn and memorize along with the control over behavior is compromised. Therefore, addiction can be termed as a disease that affects the brain and behavior. The rise in drug de-addiction centers emphasizes the repeated and long term care that is required to cure drug addiction.
The treatment aims at the following this
- The person should be able to stop being completely dependent on drugs. They should not be easily manipulated into its use by anybody.
- The person should be able to function normally in society. They should be able to think logically and rationally throughout their commitment period towards something.
Treatments and Medications
Drug addiction can be controlled by various methods. Some of the common treatments for drug usage are:
- Behavioral Counseling: This method is used on people to eradicate their unwanted habits of behavior. It can be a mental condition or a bad habit, they picked up in life. They are of various types such as cognitive behavioral therapy, cognitive-behavioral play therapy, and system desensitization.
- Medical devices: Sudden refrain from the use of drugs can show withdrawal symptoms in an addict. This includes anxiety, fatigue, seizures, vomiting, and many more. Therefore, the very first method to suppress these symptoms is detoxification. In this method, a device is placed behind the ear of a person. It sends electrical pulses to stimulate certain brain nerves.
- Medication: Medications are also used to cope with withdrawal symptoms. For instance, lofexidine is a non-opioid medicine to help a person cope with withdrawal symptoms. Medications are also used to help the brain to function normally and decrease the craving for drugs.
There are different medications available for different things, like the treatment of opioids (illegal drugs), tobacco, and overuse of alcohol. There are also new medicines being developed for stimulants like cocaine and cannabis addiction. There are also medicines available for these co-occurring conditions like anxiety and depression.
- Follow Up to Prevent Relapse: Even though a person has totally recovered from drug addiction, there are chances for a relapse. Therefore it is necessary to follow up on the physical and mental condition of a person to prevent such things to happen.
It is not an easy way to get out of drug addiction. There would be a lot of struggle and trouble. Therefore it is best to keep away from such bad habits and engage in a healthy lifestyle. Remember, health is wealth and nothing can replace that.